One medication that may cause serious side effects when administered with aminoglycoside antibiotics is loop diuretics. Loop diuretics can increase the risk of ototoxicity, or damage to the ear, when used with aminoglycoside antibiotics.
Which of the following are possible side effects of aminoglycoside antibiotic use?
Aminoglycoside antibiotics can cause a variety of side effects, including: – Hearing loss- Nausea and vomiting- Diarrhea- Rash- Headache
What are two serious side effects of gentamicin and tobramycin?
The two serious side effects of gentamicin and tobramycin are ototoxicity and nephrotoxicity. Ototoxicity can cause hearing loss or tinnitus, while nephrotoxicity can cause renal failure.
Can antibiotics make your side hurt?
Yes, antibiotics can cause side effects such as pain. This is because antibiotics can kill off healthy bacteria in the gut, leading to an imbalance in the gut flora. This can cause symptoms such as abdominal pain, cramping, and diarrhea.
What is the most serious potential adverse effect of rifampin use?
The most serious potential adverse effect of rifampin use is the development of hepatotoxicity. This can manifest as jaundice, liver enzyme elevations, and even liver failure. Patients who develop signs or symptoms of hepatotoxicity while taking rifampin should discontinue the drug and seek medical attention.
What drugs interact with aminoglycosides?
Aminoglycosides are a class of antibiotics that can interact with a variety of drugs. Some of the most common interactions include medications that suppress the immune system, like corticosteroids, and drugs that are used to treat heart conditions, like digoxin. Aminoglycosides can also interact with other antibiotics, like erythromycin, and anti-malarial drugs, like quinine.
What causes diarrhea after taking antibiotics?
There are many reasons why someone might experience diarrhea after taking antibiotics. Antibiotics can kill off healthy bacteria in the gut, leading to an imbalance that can cause diarrhea. Additionally, antibiotics can also irritate the lining of the intestine, causing inflammation and diarrhea.
What are the toxic effects of aminoglycosides?
Aminoglycosides are a class of antibiotics that can cause toxic effects, including hearing loss, kidney damage, and nerve damage. They work by inhibiting the growth of bacteria, and they are most effective against gram-negative bacteria.
Which antibiotics have post antibiotic effect?
There are a few antibiotics that have post antibiotic effect. This means that the antibiotic continues to work even after the person has stopped taking it. The most common antibiotics with post antibiotic effect are erythromycin and rifampin.
What other adverse effects may be experienced by patients taking aminoglycosides?
Aminoglycosides can cause vestibular toxicity, which is a type of inner ear damage that can lead to dizziness, nausea, and vomiting. They can also cause renal toxicity, or damage to the kidneys, which can lead to decreased urine output, fatigue, and confusion. Finally, aminoglycosides can also cause ototoxicity, or damage to the ears, which can lead to hearing loss.
Does azithromycin has post-antibiotic effect?
There is some evidence that azithromycin may have a post-antibiotic effect, meaning that the antibiotic continues to work after the patient has stopped taking it. However, this has not been definitively proven.
What are the most common side effects of penicillin?
The most common side effects of penicillin are nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.
What is a contraindication for an aminoglycoside?
A contraindication for an aminoglycoside is a condition that would make it unsafe for the patient to take the drug. Some common contraindications include renal impairment, pregnancy, and hypersensitivity.
What are the symptoms of taking antibiotics?
The most common symptoms of taking antibiotics are nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Other possible side effects include rash, dizziness, and headache.
How does post antibiotic effect occur?
Post antibiotic effect (PAE) is a phenomenon where antibiotics lose their effectiveness after the first dose. This occurs because the bacteria are able to adapt and develop resistance to the antibiotic.
What 3 drugs are classified as aminoglycosides?
Gentamicin, tobramycin, and amikacin are all classified as aminoglycosides.
What is aminoglycoside antibiotic?
Aminoglycoside antibiotics are a class of antibiotics that are derived from Streptomyces bacteria. These antibiotics kill bacteria by binding to the bacterial ribosomes and inhibiting protein synthesis. Aminoglycosides are used to treat a variety of infections, including pneumonia, tuberculosis, and ear infections.
Is vancomycin an aminoglycoside antibiotic?
No, vancomycin is not an aminoglycoside antibiotic. Aminoglycoside antibiotics are a class of antibiotics that includes streptomycin, gentamicin, and tobramycin. These antibiotics are bactericidal, meaning they kill bacteria. Vancomycin is a glycopeptide antibiotic, which means it inhibits the synthesis of the cell wall in bacteria.
Why is penicillin contraindicated to patients under aminoglycoside therapy?
Penicillin is contraindicated to patients under aminoglycoside therapy because the two drugs can interact and cause serious side effects. The combination of penicillin and aminoglycosides can damage the kidneys, causing renal failure.
What are the side effects of cephalosporins?
The side effects of cephalosporins can vary depending on the specific type of cephalosporin antibiotic. Generally, cephalosporins can cause stomach upset, nausea, and vomiting. In some cases, cephalosporins can also cause a rash or allergic reaction.